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The Latina Pay Gap by the Numbers

November 1 was Latina Equal Pay Day. That means Latinas had to work all of 2017 and until that day in 2018 to catch up with what white men earned in 2017 alone. No matter what their job, where they live, or how much education or experience they have, Latinas are still paid less than white men.1 Get the facts about the pay gap and its impact on Latinas and their families.

See the impact of the pay gap on Latinas and their families

On average, Latinas in the U.S. are paid 47% less than white men and 31% less than white women.2

Any way you look at it, there’s a pay gap for Latinas.

Even when you account for factors like occupation, education, experience, and location, a pay gap remains.6 Figure7

The pay gap actually widens for Latinas with a college education.

The gap is largest for Latinas who have bachelor’s degrees.8

The pay gap starts early.

As early as age 16, Latinas are paid less than white boys the same age—and the gap only grows from there.9

2018 Latina Equal Pay Survey

72%

When presented with information that Latinas on average are paid 47% less than white men, 72% of Americans think it’s not fair.10

The gap hurts women and families.

Lower earnings for Latinas means less money for their families. More than half of Latina mothers are the main breadwinners for their households. When they’re paid less, it’s harder to pay for groceries, childcare, rent, tuition—all the costs of supporting a family.11

2018 Latina Equal Pay Survey

85%

85% of Americans think it would be a major problem or crisis if they earned 50% less.12

If we paid latinas fairly… ... the average Latina would earn over $1 million more over the course of her career.13

If we paid latinas fairly… ... each woman’s extra annual earnings would pay for nearly 4 years of groceries.14

#47PercentCounts

Throughout 2018, we’re partnering with businesses to highlight the unfairness of the pay gap to consumers making everyday purchases.

Learn more
  • Adidas
  • Lyft
  • Procter and Gamble
  • Reebok

Latinas face biases for being women and for being people of color. These compounding biases contribute to the Latina pay gap and help explain the inequality Latinas experience in the workplace.

—Rachel Thomas, president of LeanIn.Org

Learn more about the unique challenges Latinas face in our 2018 Women in the Workplace report.

Stories from women and their families

In partnership with P&G, we asked real women and their families about the impact of the pay gap.

Lean In community member Gloria shares why it’s important to close the pay gap for her, her wife, and their daughter.
Watch real women explain the pay gaps for all women, Black women, and Latinas.
Lean In Circle member Nkosa explains why closing the pay gap is the right thing to do.

Footnotes

  1. Elise Gould and Adriana Kugler, “Latina workers have to work 10 months into 2017 to be paid the same as white non-Hispanic men in 2016,” Working Economics Blog (November 1, 2017), https://www.epi.org/blog/latina-workers-have-to-work-10-months-into-2017-to-be-paid-the-same-as-white-non-hispanic-men-in-2016.
  2. Ariane Hegewisch, “The Gender Wage Gap: 2017; Earnings Differences by Gender, Race, and Ethnicity” (September 2018), https://iwpr.org/publications/gender-wage-gap-2017/. Latinas are paid $0.53 for every $1 that white men earn, leading to a pay gap for Latinas of 47%. The 31% gap between Latinas and white women is calculated by Lean In based on IWPR numbers.
  3. SurveyMonkey and Lean In conducted two online polls among a national sample of adults in the U.S. age 18 and older. The first was conducted June 29–July 4, 2018 among 2,950 adults and the second was conducted July 13–18, 2018 among 4,217 adults. The modeled error estimate for both surveys is +/- 2 percentage points. Data have been weighted for age, race, sex, education, and geography using the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey to reflect the demographic composition of the United States age eighteen and over. Learn more.
  4. Ibid. Forty percent of hiring managers reported that they are unaware of the gap.
  5. Ibid.
  6. Gould and Kugler, “Latina workers have to work 10 months into 2017.”
  7. The graphic showing incomes for Latinas and white men in different occupations uses data from the U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement: Table PINC-10: Wage and Salary Workers--People 15 Years Old and Over by Total Wage and Salary Income, Work Experience, Race, Hispanic Origin, and Sex. Retrieved 27 September, 2018, from https://www.census.gov/data/tables/time-series/demo/income-poverty/cps-pinc/pinc-10.html (National Partnership for Women & Families calculations based on the median annual pay for Hispanic women (any race) and white, non-Hispanic men who worked in 2017).
  8. AAUW, The Simple Truth About the Gender Pay Gap (Spring 2018), https://www.aauw.org/aauw_check/pdf_download/show_pdf.php?file=The_Simple_Truth.
  9. Bureau of Labor Statistics, “Weekly and hourly earnings data from the Current Population Survey” (July 2018), https://data.bls.gov/PDQWeb/le.
  10. SurveyMonkey/Lean In poll, June 29–July 4, 2018.
  11. National Partnership for Women & Families, “Latinas and the Wage Gap” (April 2018), http://www.nationalpartnership.org/research-library/workplace-fairness/fair-pay/latinas-wage-gap.pdf.
  12. SurveyMonkey/Lean In poll, June 29–July 4, 2018.
  13. National Women’s Law Center, “The Lifetime Wage Gap, State by State” (April 2018), https://nwlc.org/resources/the-lifetime-wage-gap-state-by-state/.
  14. National Partnership for Women & Families, “Latinas and the Wage Gap.”